President Roosevelt submits
his budget to the U.S. Congress. $100 billion of the $109 billion
budget is identified with the war effort. Left-wing Italian
journalist Carlo Tresca is shot to death in broad daylight
on Fifth Avenue in New York City. His death was mysterious
at the time, but it now appears clear he was murdered by organized
crime elements seeking to curry favor with the Mussolini regime.
Shoe rationing begins in the USA,
limiting civilians to three pairs of leather shoes per year.
Meat rationing begins
in the USA and is set at 28oz per week.
Attempting to stem inflation
in the USA, President Roosevelt freezes wages, salaries, and
prices. Meat, fats, canned goods, and cheese are now rationed
in the US.
Thousands of Korean-Americans
petition to have their status converted from that of enemy
aliens to friendly aliens. In December 1943, this is granted.
A Military coup takes
place in Argentina, with the army occupying Buenos Aires.
The first Quebec summit
opens with the allied plans for the invasion of France being
approved by Roosevelt and Churchill.
A conference of 48 Republican
governors, senators and congressmen convene at the Mackinac
Island resort between the upper and lower peninsulas of Michigan
under the chairmanship of Sen. Arthur Vandenberg to hammer
out a post-war foreign policy for the party. The meeting discards
the isolationist stance that Republicans adopted following
World War I and adopts a cautious internationalism.
Sumner Welles, friend and confidante
of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, resigns abruptly as Undersecretary
of State. Officially, the reason given is policy differences
between Welles and Secretary of State Cordell Hull over relations
with pro-Axis governments in Latin America. The actual reason
was the threat by former ambassador William Bullitt – who
hungered for Welles’ (and Hull’s) job - to expose
Welles’ homosexuality. FDR never forgave Bullitt and
even refused him permission to enlist in the U.S. Army afterward.
(Bullitt ended up joining the Free French forces under de Gaulle.)
Bolivia declares war on
all the Axis powers.
Roosevelt reveals a plot to assassinate
him at Teheran.
Roosevelt broadcasts about
the Cairo and Teheran conferences and says plans have been
laid for the invasion of Europe and its post-war reconstruction.