Communist newspaper, The
Daily Worker is suppressed in Britain.
House of Commons vote
for war credits of £1,600,000,000.
The British foreign Secretary, Anthony
Eden and General Sir John Dill, Chief of the Imperial General
Staff leave London for a tour of the Balkan capitals in order
to try and establish an anti-axis pact. However, Yugoslavia
refuses to see them and Turkey refuses their proposals. Only
Greece shows any interest.
The Australian Prime Minister, R.G.
Menzies arrives in Britain for talks with Churchill.
Churchill thanks America
for ‘a new Magna Carta’.
British war budget raises income tax.
The first American "Lend-Lease" food
aid shipments arrive in Britain.
Rudolf Hess, Hitler's
deputy and former World War I fighter pilot, flies from Augsburg
to Scotland to persuade anti-Churchill politicians that England
should stop the war with Germany, adopt a neutral attitude
and allow Germany to eliminate the Bolshevik menace and gain
Lebensraum in the East. He was taken to a secret location,
interrogated and then held incommunicado at various places
until the end of the war, later to be charged and condemned
as a major war criminal at Nuremberg.
Ernie Bevin says that he would not
negotiate with ‘murderer’ Hess. It’s reported
that the Dame of Sark has been deported to a German concentration
camp as a reprisal for civil disobedience. Announced that British
losses in France and Norway were 13,250 killed and approximately
41,000 taken prisoner out of 437,000 men engaged.
Prime Minister says he is still not
prepared to make a statement on Hess.
It’s announced that Women’s
Land Army now more than 11,000 strong.
War Weapon Week ends in towns and
cities, with £124m collected.
Proposal to introduce conscription
in Northern Ireland finally scrapped.
Lord Woolton announces experimental
egg rationing, further restrictions on fish and milk; successful
prosecutions under Food Control Orders during war now total
Clothes rationing introduced
Attlee memorandum approved by 2,430,000
to 19,000 at Labour Party conference ‘A necessary prelude
to a just peace is a total victory.’
British unemployment figures for May
lowest yet at 243,656 out of work, 400,000 less than a year
British press give details of development
of ‘radio location’ (radar) and its use in Battle
Churchill calls the German invasion
of Russia, ‘the fourth turning point of the war’ and
offers to give whatever help we can.
House of Commons votes for £1,000
million war credit as war expenditure now exceeds £10,250,000
Lord Beaverbrook becomes
Minister of Supply in Cabinet reshuffle.
Coal deliveries to all
establishments in Britain limited to one ton per month.
British Communist Party
officially drops peace campaign and backs the war.
Foreign Secretary Eden
categorically rules out possibility of negotiating with Hitler.
Soviet military mission arrives in
Britain and Russia sign mutual assistance
agreement, pledging ‘no separate peace’.
BBC announces the ‘V Army’,
the resistance movement in Occupied Europe. George Armstrong
executed at Wandsworth prison for spying.
British government takes
over railways for the duration of the war, paying £43m
per annum in compensation to private operators.
Lord Woolton calls the
black market in Britain ‘a thorn in our side’.
The guard at a detention centre in
Peel on the Isle of Man is strengthened after disturbances,
which results with 20 British fascists being moved to Liverpool.
The House of Commons votes for the
third £1,000m war credit of year.
British road deaths in
the second year of war up 65% on the pre-war figure.
The exiled Norwegian Government
in London officially backs ‘Milorg’, the largest
resistance organisation in Norway.
Two Luftwaffe officers, make the war's
most audacious attempt to escape from a British POW camp. Lt.
Heinz Schnabel and Oblt. Harry Wappler were prisoners in Camp
No.15 near Penrith, Northumbria. Forging papers that identified
them as Dutch officers serving in the RAF, they made their
way to the RAF airfield at Kingstown near Carlisle and started
the engine of a Miles Magister. Taking off, they soon realized
they did not have the fuel to make it to Nazi-occupied Holland
reluctantly they turned back, landing in a field about five
miles north of Great Yarmouth. Recaptured, they were sent back
to Camp No.15 again and sentenced to 28 days solitary confinement.
Churchill introduces a new National
Service Bill, including compulsory service for women.
Britain declares war on Finland, Hungary
Britain and dominions
declare war on Japan.
Karel Richter, a German
spy who parachuted into Hertfordshire is executed at Wandsworth