430 Jewish hostages are deported from Amsterdam after a Dutch Nazi is killed by Jews.
Himmler makes his first visit to Auschwitz, during which he orders Kommandant Höss to begin massive expansion, including a new compound to be built at nearby Birkenau that can hold 100,000 prisoners.
German Jews ordered into forced labour.
The German Army High Command gives approval to RSHA and Heydrich on the tasks of SS murder squads (Einsatzgruppen) in occupied Poland.
A 'Commissariat' for Jewish Affairs is set up in Vichy France.
3,600 Jews arrested in Paris.
Vichy publishes anti-Semitic legislation based on German laws. Jews banned from public office.
Romanian troops conduct a pogrom against Jews in the town of Jassy, killing 10,000.
In occupied Poland near Lublin, Majdanek concentration camp becomes operational.
3,800 Jews killed during a pogrom by Lithuanians in Kovno.
Göring instructs Heydrich to prepare for Final Solution.
The Hungarian Army rounds up 18,000 Jews at Kamenets-Podolsk.
German Jews ordered to wear yellow stars.
Gas chambers at Auschwitz in Poland are used for first time, using Zyklon B, which was basically Hydrogen Cyanide.
The Vilna Ghetto is established containing 40,000 Jews.
Beginning of general deportation of German Jews.
23,000 Jews killed at Kamenets-Podolsk, in the Ukraine.
The SS Einsatzgruppen operating in the Ukraine massacres between 50,000 and 96,000 Ukranians (of which 33,771 are Jews), at Babi Yar, a ravine about 30 miles outside of Kiev.
Nazis forbid emigration of Jews from the Reich.
The Times newspaper's report on Occupied Europe estimates that 82,000 Poles have been shot or hanged since Poland's occupation by the Germans.
Theresienstadt Ghetto is established near Prague, Czechoslovakia. The Nazis will use it as a model ghetto for propaganda purposes.
Near Riga, a mass shooting of Latvian and German Jews.
In occupied Poland, near Lodz, Chelmno extermination camp becomes operational. Jews taken there are placed in mobile gas vans and driven to a burial place while carbon monoxide from the engine exhaust is fed into the sealed rear compartment, killing them. The first gassing victims include 5,000 Gypsies who had been deported from the Reich to Lodz.
The ship "Struma" leaves Romania for Palestine carrying 769 Jews but is later denied permission by British authorities to allow the passengers to disembark. In Feb. 1942, it sails back into the Black Sea where it is intercepted by a Soviet submarine and sunk as an "enemy target."
During a cabinet meeting, Hans Frank, Gauleiter of Poland, states - "Gentlemen, I must ask you to rid yourselves of all feeling of pity. We must annihilate the Jews wherever we find them and wherever it is possible in order to maintain the structure of the Reich as a whole..."
Share this page:
More To Explore
You May Like