In the Wannsee suburb of Berlin, the
formal adoption of the 'Final Solution to the Jewish Problem'
takes place. In practice this meant that all Jews in occupied
Europe were to be transported to the east. The able bodied were
worked until they died, while the remainder were put to death.
Hitler, speaking at the Berlin Sports
Palace, reaffirms his prewar prophecy concerning the Jews; once
again telling an audience that "the result of this war
will be the complete annihilation of the Jews."
SS Einsatzgruppe A reports
a tally of 229,052 Jews killed.
The deportation of Jews
from Lublin to Belzec begins.
The start of deportation of Slovak
Jews to Auschwitz.
The start of deportation of French
Jews to Auschwitz.
Fritz Sauckel named Chief of Manpower
to expedite recruitment of slave labour.
First trainloads of Jews from Paris
arrive at Auschwitz.
German Jews are banned
from using public transportation.
Dutch Jews are forced to
wear the yellow 'Star of David' badge.
The German open up a new death camp
just outside Minsk, near the village of Maly Trostenets. Russian
POW's and Jews have been forced to build the barracks for 600
slave labourers and their German and Ukrainian guards. Tens
of thousands of Austrian, German, and Czech Jews are shipped
there and driven towards the village in mobile gas chambers.
When the vans reach the camp, all inside them are dead. At the
camp, the slave labourers bury the bodies in deep pits. Maly
Trostenets remains a tight German secret.
The New York Times reports on an inside
page that Nazis have machine-gunned over 100,000 Jews in the
Baltic states, 100,000 in Poland and twice as many in western
Jews in Belgium, Croatia,
Slovakia, Romania ordered to wear yellow stars.
SS report 97,000 persons
have been "processed" in mobile gas vans.
All Jews over six are forced to wear
the 'Star of David' in Occupied France.
Eichmann meets with representatives
from France, Belgium and Holland to coordinate deportation plans
Dr. Heinisch, the German administrator
in the Przemysl area, issues a public instruction. "Every
Ukrainian or Pole who attempts by any means whatsoever to impede
the campaign for the deportation of Jews, will be shot. Every
Ukrainian or Pole found in a Jewish quarter looting Jewish homes
will be shot. Every Ukrainian or Pole attempting to conceal
a Jew will be shot." In the next month, 24,000 Jews from
western Galicia, Heinisch's district, pass through Przemysl.
All are taken to Belzec and killed.
At Auschwitz, a second gas chamber,
Bunker II (the white farmhouse), is made operational at Birkenau
due to the number of Jews arriving.
The New York Times reports
via the London Daily Telegraph that over 1,000,000 Jews have
already been killed by Nazis. Jews from Berlin sent to Theresienstadt.
Himmler grants permission for sterilization
experiments at Auschwitz.
Beginning of deportation of Dutch Jews
12,887 Jews of Paris are rounded up
and sent to Drancy Internment Camp located outside the city.
Himmler visits Auschwitz-Birkenau for
two days, inspecting all ongoing construction and expansion,
then observes the extermination process from start to finish
as two trainloads of Jews arrive from Holland. Kommandant Höss
is then promoted. Construction includes four large gas chamber/crematories.
Himmler orders Operation
Reinhard, mass deportations of Jews in Poland to extermination
camp is opened, which initiates new deportations from the Warsaw
Ghetto. The deportation of Belgian Jews to Auschwitz begins.
camp opened in occupied Poland, east of Warsaw. The camp is
fitted with two buildings containing 10 gas chambers, each holding
200 persons. Carbon monoxide gas is piped in from engines placed
outside the chamber, but Zyklon-B will later be substituted.
Bodies are burned in open pits.
The British section of
the 'World Jewish Congress', claims that 1,000,000 Jews are
already dead in occupied Europe.
7,000 Jews arrested in
Open pit burning of bodies
begins at Auschwitz in place of burial. The decision is made
to dig up and burn those already buried, 107,000 corpses, to
prevent fouling of ground water.
Reduction of food rations for Jews
The inter-allied information
committee estimates that the Germans have so far, executed 207,373
people in occupied Europe.
The SS begin to take profit from the
possessions and valuables of Jews from Auschwitz and Majdanek.
German banknotes are sent to the Reichs Bank. Foreign currency,
gold, jewels and other valuables are sent to SS Headquarters
of the Economic Administration. Watches, clocks and pens are
distributed to troops at the front. Clothing is distributed
to German families.
Himmler orders all Jews
in concentration camps in Germany to be sent to Auschwitz and
SS put down a revolt at Sachsenhausen
by a group of Jews about to be sent to Auschwitz.
850 Jews are arrested in Norway.
The first transport from Theresienstadt
arrives at Auschwitz.
The Germans make the first
large deportation of Jews from Norway.
The first transport of
Jews from Germany arrives at Auschwitz.
The British Parliament
vows to avenge Nazi crimes against Jews, as Eden announces that
the Germans ‘are now carrying into effect Hitler’s
often repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people in
Europe’. U.S. declares those crimes will be avenged.
Sterilization experiments on women
at Birkenau begin.